The Worcester porcelain works were founded at Warmstry House in by a group of 15 parties. Dr Wall, who was a surgeon by trade, was a key founding member and the early ware took their name from him. There are two types or porcelain bodies — hard paste and soft paste. Hard paste porcelain traces its roots back to the East and is the medium that the Chinese employed to such great effect during the Qing dynasty , mostly at the kilns of Jingdezhen. Due to the huge demand and value of Chinese porcelain, wealthy and enlightened gentlemen began the quest of making porcelain in the West. Key to their experiments was the discovery of kaolin clay. As there are very few deposits of kaolin clay in the United Kingdom, chemists and alchemists made it their goal to imitate it. One of the first was Benjamin Lund who made soft paste porcelain from in Bristol. His recipe was made of soap rock from Cornwall , clay from Barnstable and sand from the Isle of White. It is this recipe that Worcester purchased in and continued to refine.
Over the years factory marking of pieces has evolved and although marks vary from impressed and hand written to printed emblems, the majority of bone china produced was marked in the way described below. The standard printed factory mark, included the number 51 in the centre that refers to the year when the Worcester Porcelain Company was founded by Dr John Wall. The mark can appear in any colour, and on a variety of materials.
Has impressed Royal Worcester marks and back stamp dating to Surface wear, has a crack in the lid, gilt loss, especially on the claw handle on the lid.
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A guide to dating Worcester Marks on pottery and porcelain including date codes and dates for the infamous Royal Worcester porc More. More information.
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Dating royal worcester marks
Worcester Porcelain Marks. Crescent marks, painted or printed in underglaze blue c — Pseudo — Chinese marks painted in underglaze blue c — Meissen crossed swords usually on wares in Meissen style, painted in underglaze blue c —
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It was in that Dr John Wall founded a porcelain factory in the town of Worcester. This eventually became known as the Royal Worcester Porcelain factory, but it did have a few name changes first. However, the Worcester marks celebrate the inaugural year by having a 51 in the centre of a circle as part of the mark. Early Worcester marks are very rare, with typically a crescent mark, which dates the piece from the Wall era before While many of the earlier pieces do have marks, the early years saw the marks as irregular and a bit haphazard.
But after , the pottery was more clearly marked with the factory name which helps to date the items. These early marks incorporated a circle with the 51 in the centre and a crown — either just above the circle or attached to the edge. From , the crown slipped down onto the circle itself. After they had used up the letters, the Royal Worcester introduced a fairly simple code using dots for the years.
It reminded me slightly of the binary system. They started using this dot system in
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Wall and William Davis, formerly a Bristol technician. In the business was bought by Thomas Flight, jeweler to the Royal family and the firm’s London agent. A Large Worcester Porcelain Dessert basket c. Dimensions: This example is the largest of the four sizes, produced by the factory. Condition: Minor restoration on the handles.
Why the marks are important T he object of a ceramic trade mark is to enable at least the retailer to know the name of the manufacturer of the object, so that re-orders, etc. In the case of the larger firms the mark also has publicity value and shows the buyer that the object was made by a long-established firm with a reputation to uphold; such clear name marks as Minton, Wedgwood, Royal Crown Derby and Royal Worcester are typical examples.
To the collector the mark has greater importance, for not only can he trace the manufacturer of any marked object, but he can also ascertain the approximate date of manufacture and in several cases the exact year of production, particularly in the case of 19th and 20th century wares from the leading firms which employed private dating systems. With the increasing use of ceramic marks in the 19th century, a large proportion of European pottery and porcelain can be accurately identified and often dated.
How marks are applied. C eramic marks are applied in four basic ways: incised, impressed, painted, printed. Incised into the still soft clay during manufacture, in which case the mark will show a slight ploughed-up effect and have a free spontaneous appearance. Impressed into the soft clay during manufacture, many name-marks such as ‘Wedgwood’ are produced in this way from metal or clay stamps or seals.
1867 Royal Worcester Plate with Red Flower Trim; a mark
In The Royal Worcester Porcelain Company had bought Palissy. Initials and marks used on ware for identification: In this case the date possibly refers to the foundation of the actual pottery works – however Jewitt states that “These.
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Backstamps of Royal Worcester Coddlers
Royal Worcester is one of the oldest English porcelain companies in the world, if not the oldest itself. As such, over the years, many different backstamps have been used to identify different patterns and pieces. Unlike many other brands, Royal Worcester stuck to a system where a standard core stamp was used, coupled with special markers that indicated a more precise date. This crescent mark was used before a more organized marking system was made, dating Royal Worcester pieces back to before This stamp began circulating around Note that the crown is placed above the circle.
How to Date Royal Worcester Pottery Marks query: We have a Royal Worcester bone china set that has the following markings: It has the Royal Worcester Care.
Royal Worcester Chinoiserie China – 21 items found. A gorgeous jug printed in a rich bold blue and with bamboo effect handle. Backstamp: Royal Worcester circular mark with crown and date letter T below for Fine all over crazing with a little wear to the gilt and around the inside rim and under the spout a little minor discolouration. Dimensions: 0. A fabulous elegant jug with ornate handle. Fine all over crazing with just a little minor wear to the gilt, overall excellent condition.
The pattern on one side of the jug is just a little hazy. Dimensions: 1. Gorgeous little jug printed in a pale blue. Backstamp: Royal Worcester Made in England.
Royal Worcester Marks
Royal Worcester Marks were first placed on pottery and porcelain in but it was before it became common place. In the late s Worcester were among the first to use the Bute shape for teabowls, tea cups and coffee cups. The presence of the crescent mark dates these items to the Dr Wall period and they are all very similar in shape, size and decoration to those made in the same period by Caughley.
See our early worcester for sale section for examples of sparrow beak jugs, Bute cups and Dr Wall period pieces.
This crescent mark was used before a more organized marking system was made, dating Royal Worcester pieces back to before This stamp began.
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